Completed Research Networks, language and sexual behaviors of men who have sex with men in an urban setting (1997-1999)

Networks, language and sexual behaviors of men who have sex with men in an urban setting (1997-1999)

The present study was done in Pune. It was a qualitative study and explorative in nature. Data were collected with the help of key informant interviews, in-depth interviews, site visits, unstructured observations, and case notes.

This study highlighted following issues

  • There was substantial male-to-male sex.
  • MSM culture was extremely rich and varied. There was great diversity in terms of the different identities, roles performed by the MSM and the complexities of behaviors they engaged in.
  • There were several types of sexual activities performed. Anal sex was quite common. Oral sex, inter-femoral sex, mutual masturbation were the other activities occurring frequently.
  • The behavior mostly remained invisible due to social stigma and discrimination. Though some of the age-old irrational laws were in force not many people were aware of them. Thus that did not seem to be an important reason behind the invisibility.
  • It was very common that the first sexual experience was at home and the first sexual partner was a relative. The triad of desire to discharge, power and privacy was the most important causal factor.
  • There was significant level of commercial sexual activity among MSM.
  • There was high prevalence of STDs and HIV due to tremendous lack of awareness about the risks involved and very low condom usage.
  • Most MSM were married or would get married. Female partners in marriage were mostly unaware of the male-to-male sexual activities of their sexual partners.
 

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