A Panel Discussion on The paradox of electricity surplus co-existing with access deficit: Implications and way forward
Electricity is one of the most versatile forms of energy and a necessary condition to catalyse development. But there are inequities in electricity use as well as significant economic, social and environmental costs in its production and distribution. This is especially true in the fossil fuel and grid based systems – the prominent option in India. For the past couple of years, reports have been suggesting that India is now a power surplus nation. For a country accustomed to power shortages, this may appear to be a major step towards reliable electricity supply and universal access. But even with surplus power, rural India continues to face power cuts and more than 4 crore households are without connections.