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The future electricity grid: Key questions and considerations for developing countries

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Author(s): Bharath Jairaj, Sarah Martin, Josh Ryor, Shantanu Dixit, Ashwin Gambhir, Aditya Chunekar, Ranjit Bharvirkar, Gilbero Jannuzzi, Samat Sukenaliev, Tao Wang Publication Date: May, 2016

The electricity sector is undergoing a transformation as it transitions from a static sector that is planned and operated by central authorities—regulators, utilities, system operators, and planners—to one that is increasingly driven by a mix of technologies, decentralized operators, and new market mechanisms and reforms.

These changes are creating an environment of genuine uncertainty in which many challenges arise, along with new opportunities for electricity sector planners and regulators to meet the goal of reliable, sustainable and universal electricity access. This report looks at experiences from four developing countries - Brazil, China, India, and Kyrgyzstan, and two developed countries - Germany and the United States to help electricity planners and utilities gain from the international experience. The way in which the sector stakeholders respond and engage with these emerging trends globally will ultimately determine the development pathway of the future grid.

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