Contributions & Recognition

  • Convener Transport Working Group, of The Expert Group appointed by The Planning Commission in 2010, to work out the ‘Low Carbon Strategy for Inclusive Growth’
  • Member, World Bank Expert Committee to review West Bengal Power Sector Reforms (2008)
  • Member, ‘Working Group on Power’ for formulation of XIth five year plan for the National Planning Commission of India (2006-07)
  • Member, Expert Group, convened by Secretary of Power (Government of India) to seek radical policy suggestions (2006)
  • Member Expert Group on “Financing access to basic utilities for all” formed by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation in cooperation with the Financing for Development Office, June 2006.
  • Member, Expert Committee appointed by The Supreme Court of India for evaluating ‘Waste to Energy projects from Municipal Solid Waste’, appointed through Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources (2005-06)
  • Member, Central Advisory Committee of Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (India), since 1998 till date
  • Member, State Advisory Committee of Maharashtra Electricity Regulatory Commission, since 1999 till date
  • Member, ‘Consultative Group on Power & Energy’ of Planning Commission for review of energy sector performance in the Xth plan
  • Member, Advisory Committee, ADB Policy Research Network to strengthen policy reforms - Infrastructure Development for Poverty Reduction: Priorities, Constraints and Strategies (2004-05)
  • Member, Western Regional Energy Committee Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) (2003 and 2004)
  • Member Advisory Committee, Distribution Reforms Upgrade Management (DRUM) program of Government of India and USAID (2003)
  • Member, Study Group on Benefits of Sardar Sarovar Dam Project, Government of Maharashtra (2001)
  • Member, Task Force to review Narmada Dams, Government of M.P. (1998)
  • Member, International team of civil society to review status of rehabilitation of project affected persons at by Coal mines and Thermal plants at Singrauli (UP) (1995)

  • Girish Sant, Narasimha Rao, Sudhir Chella Rajan, (2009) “An overview of Indian Energy Trends: Low Carbon Growth and Development Challenges”, Prayas, September 2009.
  • Electricity Supply Monitoring Initiative (ESMI) –First initiative by civil society to monitor quality of electricity supply – a pilot can be seen at
  • “A Critical Review of Performance of Delhi’s Privatized Distribution Companies and the Regulatory Process”. Prayas Occasional Report – 1/2006. Prayas (May 2006)
  • “A Good Beginning but Challenges Galore” Prayas (2003)
  • “Bujagali Power Purchase Agreement – An Independent Review”, Prayas (2002)
  • “Regaining Rationality through Democratization: A Critical Review of MDBs Power Sector activities in India”, Prayas (1999)
  • Girish Sant, Shantanu Dixit, and Subodh Wagle “The Enron Controversy: Techno-Economic Analysis and Policy Implications” Prayas (June-1995).
  • Amulya Reddy, Girish Sant “Power from Sardar Sarovar Dam: An inefficient Plan” (1994): ‘Hindu Survey of Environment’.

  • Know your power - Citizens’ Primer on the Electricity Sector, Prayas (2006): This handbook on electricity sector covers the interdisciplinary aspects of power sector. It covers technical, economic, system operation as well consumer and legal issues. This 250 page book has been translated to Marathi and is being translated into Kannada and Thai.
  • Girish Sant and Shantanu Dixit “Towards an Efficient and Low Cost Power Sector” (September-1998). Paper prepared for the report of the Task Force constituted by the Government of Madhya Pradesh for evaluating the alternatives to the Narmada Valley Development Plan (NVDP).

  • Dr. T N Khoshoo Memorial Award in ‘Conservation, Environment and Development’ for year 2010 by Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (Bangalore),
  • Best Energy Alumni by Energy Department IIT Bombay (2008)
  • ‘Life Time Achievement – Encouragement Award’ by a organization founded by Workers’ and Engineers’ union of Power utility in Maharashtra (2003), accepted on behalf of Prayas Energy Group
  • Scholarship by Union of Concerned Scientists to attend their annual meeting (1997)
  • As a student, he received citation for ‘Exceptional Contribution Award’ for enhancing Mountaineering activity at IIT - Mumbai.

Memorial Activities

Girish Sant Memorial Annual Event, 2021

A Panel Discussion on

Energy: Taxes and Transition

The energy sector, and in particular, fossil fuels are a significant contributor to the overall revenue of India’s central and state governments. For example, the GST Compensation Cess, which started in 2010-11 with a cess of ₹50/ton on all coal has kept increasing over the years and now stands at ₹400/ton. Further, governments have traditionally depended heavily on taxes from petrol and diesel, and recent increases in excise and VAT further demonstrate this. Roughly 60-70% of the final prices of diesel and petrol respectively are made up of taxes. The total contribution to public tax revenue from taxes on coal, petroleum & natural gas, and electricity sectors amounted to about ₹6 lakh crores out of a total revenue of about ₹34 lakh crores in 2018-19. The taxes on energy sectors contributed 25% of the total tax revenue of the Centre, and 13% of the total tax revenue to the states. Since many energy sources are outside GST, these taxes cannot be offset. Moreover, since the bulk of the tax revenues from the energy sector accrue from fossil fuels, the inevitable energy transition away from fossil fuels towards renewables and electric mobility will have a significant impact on public tax revenues.

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