Publications

Search Publications By:
Research Area
Year

The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) issued draft regulations on 15th April, 2021 related to the manner and intervals for conduct of energy audit (Accounting) in electricity distribution companies (DISCOMs) and requested public comments. The primary objective of these regulations is to measure and verify the DISCOMs’ compliance with the targets on Transmission and Distribution (T&D) losses notified to them under the Perform, Achieve, and Trade (PAT) scheme. However, DISCOMs can also be mandated to use the data from the detailed energy audit conducted under these regulations for all their regulatory fillings mandated under the Electricity Act, 2003. There should not be any inconsistency between the data submitted by the DISCOMs to different authorities. Our comments/suggestions have been grouped into two sets. The first set of comments are related to improving the process of conducting energy audits through increased transparency and accountability. The second set of comments are related to comprehensive recording of the data through different data forms and providing clear definitions and methodology to ensure accurate reporting of T&D losses. Both set of comments take into account the current practices employed by the DISCOMs on data collection and T&D loss estimation.

Published in Energy Efficiency

The Haryana Electricity Regulatory Commission invited comments for finalization of the Draft Haryana Electricity Regulatory Commission (Prepaid Smart Metering) Regulations, 2021. A few key recommendations provided by Prayas include foremostly the need to consolidate all metering related provisions and regulations in one metering regulations or the SoP. Our submission has also highlighted the need for addressing consumer concerns for application process, grievance redressal and data privacy. We have also suggested finer changes to the draft regulations in order to facilitate easier transition to smart meters for all consumers.

Rumi is an open-source energy-systems modelling platform developed by Prayas (Energy Group) with a focus on demand-oriented modelling. Rumi will complement and strengthen the eco-system of energy models in India, and contribute to enriching the understanding of possible future trajectories of the energy sector as it goes through a period of rapid transition. Rumi will soon be made available for free download and use by the wider energy research community.

This slide-deck provides details about the approach, methodology, assumptions and data sources used in the current version of Rumi. It also provides some insights and results obtained from the model, and comparisons of its results with a few other similar models.

Rising demand for space-cooling and particularly the use of ACs has the potential of putting enormous strain on India’s power system by not only pushing up the overall electricity demand but also requiring to build generation and distribution capacity to meet the demand at peak times. India already has a few policies/programmes to address this increasing demand from ACs. A systematic understanding of consumer behaviour is crucial to design these interventions effectively and to periodically assess their outcomes. In this report, PEG presents insights on questions related to the purchase and usage behaviour of room air-conditioners which are based on a survey of 1500 households in five Tier-2 cities across India. This study adds to the limited literature examining the household behaviour related to the purchase and use of AC in India.

Published in Energy Efficiency

CEA is revamping its website to improve data dissemination, particularly with respect to monthly and yearly data. As part of this upgrade, a dashboard is being developed, with visualisation of some of CEA’s data. In addition, APIs are being provided to a subset of the data. In this context, CEA sought feedback on the new website from data users and the general public through a Twitter message. Prayas (Energy Group) expressed interest in reviewing the site under development. In response, CEA shared login credentials to the site. The following comments are based on a review of the development site. The comments are largely focussed on the monthly and yearly data dissemination as well as the dashboard and APIs under development.

Residential electricity consumption in India is changing due to rapid electrification, improved supply, increasing urbanisation and growing incomes. However, there is a lack of data and understanding of how people use electricity. As India embraces the smart meter technology, there is an opportunity to bridge the information gap and use this smart meter data to understand the nature of residential electricity demand.

In this context, Prayas (Energy Group), Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), and CLASP organized a roundtable to bring together researchers and practitioners to deliberate on the opportunities that smart meters present for a better understanding of electricity demand and management strategies in the residential sector. PEG, CEEW, and CLASP have been collecting electricity consumption data, using smart meters, from a sample of households spread across different parts of India, under different initiatives. Insights from the data collected were presented at the roundtable to add context to the deliberations.

The roundtable took place on 18th February 2020 in New Delhi and was attended by about 40 participants from 15 organizations.

Published in Energy Efficiency

India’s household energy consumption patterns are changing rapidly. However, there is limited data and understanding of the ownership and usage patterns of different appliances and fuels for various end-uses at household level in India. In an attempt to add to the limited knowledge base, we conducted two detailed residential energy consumption surveys. This report discusses findings from the survey conducted across 1,200 households in the cities of Pune, Talegaon Dabhade and Ahmednagar. The objective of this survey was to understand the energy consumption patterns in different types of urban areas i.e. large urban, peri-urban, and small urban areas and its driving factors such as income and climate.

Insights from this survey, highlight the value of a detailed residential energy consumption survey (RECS). Periodically collecting such information which is representative at both national and sub-national level is crucial for informing and evaluating policies aimed at managing the rapidly changing household energy demand in India.

The survey questionnaire and the survey data along with a detailed codebook can also be found below.

Published in Energy Efficiency

India’s household energy consumption patterns are changing rapidly. However, there is limited data and understanding of the ownership and usage patterns of different appliances and fuels for various end-uses at household level in India. In an attempt to add to the limited knowledge base, we conducted two detailed residential energy consumption surveys. This report discusses findings from the survey conducted across 3,000 semi urban and rural households in Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.The objective of this survey was to gather insights on energy consumption patterns in rural and semi urban households of two states at different levels of development.

Insights from this survey, highlight the value of a detailed residential energy consumption survey (RECS). Periodically collecting such information which is representative at both national and sub-national level is crucial for informing and evaluating policies aimed at managing the rapidly changing household energy demand in India.

The survey questionnaire and the survey data along with a detailed codebook can also be found below.

A blog series on the insights from this survey can be found here.

Published in Energy Efficiency

Ministry of Power (MoP) in association with USAID recently organized a consultative workshop on national rollout of smart prepaid metering. Prayas (Energy Group) presented its views and recommendations in two sessions. While agreeing with the multiple possible benefits of smart meters, we recommended a cautious approach to the nation-wide roll-out. A complete shift to the new metering and billing system should ensure minimum inconvenience to the consumers. A continuous, systematic, and transparent documenting of lessons from the current large scale roll-outs in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Madhya Pradesh is recommended towards this goal. This will also enable a faster buy-in from the regulators, distribution companies, as well as consumers from other states thus leading to a faster national roll-out of smart meters. We also recommended that the MoP should issue a white paper on the privacy and the sharing protocols on the data collected through smart meters. Issues related to data privacy are complex and traverse across multiple domains requiring inputs from multiple stakeholders. As the large scale of roll-out of smart meters is already underway, it is high time that data privacy and data sharing protocols are in place to safeguard the data being collected.

Published in Energy Efficiency
Tuesday, 19 November 2019 14:35

How households consume energy

The Saubhagya scheme has extended electricity connections to 26 million homes and Ujjwala has provided 75 million LPG connections. Significant efforts are also being made to increase awareness and adoption of LED bulbs, energy efficient appliances, electric vehicles, and rooftop solar. However, there is very little information on how people use energy in their homes in India. A detailed residential energy consumption survey of 3,000 semi-urban and rural households of Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Maharashtra (MH) by Prayas (Energy Group) gives some insights that can potentially inform policy decisions. An overview of these findings was published in this article that appeared in The Hindu Business Line on October 30, 2019 . Detailed analysis and findings can be read through this ECHO series of blog posts.

Published in Energy Efficiency
  • «
  •  Start 
  • |  
  •  Prev 
  • |
  •  Next 
  •   |
  •  End 
  • »
Page 1 of 6